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PROGRESS: Has your organization seen progress toward a culture of peace and nonviolence in your domain of action and in your constituency during the first half of the Decade?
In the past years the INES activities were intensified, the INES connections were strengthened and extended. INES reinforced its contacts with international organizations like the Middle Power Initiative and the World Federation of Scientific Workers. INES participated in the European Social Forums of Paris and London by the organization of workshops and seminars in collaboration with other NGOs. In addition, INES was represented at the World Social Forums of Porto Alegre, Brazil and Mumbai, India. New initiatives were taken in the field of ethics protection and education. With the financial support of INES new activities in the fields of sustainable development, education, ethics and peace promotion were started in Africa, India and South-America. Especially, by the connection with the Social Forums several younger people became engaged in the activities of INES. This finds its reflection in the growing number of members of the INES Youth Group.
OBSTACLES: What are the most important obstacles that have prevented progress?
ACTIONS: What actions have been undertaken by your organization to promote a culture of peace and nonviolence during the first half of the Decade?
The Bradford Council Meeting 2003
INES held its annual Council Meeting in Bradford, UK, on 22/23 May 2003. Following the tradition, the meeting was preceded by a 2-days seminar. The title was "International Priorities for Peace and Security." The following papers were presented:
Contemporary challenges for global security;
Nuclear weapons, challenges and the campaign for abolition;
Proliferation of biological and chemical weapons;
Promoting a civilian security politics;
A typology of crisis stability and arms control processes;
International justice: a just commodity or just a commodity?
Conflict prevention and peace building: Regional priorities and perspectives;
Prevention and resolution of complex conflicts;
Improving the systems promoting international security;
Role and significance of international institutions.
The keynote lecture of Prof. Joseph Rotblat, The nuclear issue after the poster review was printed in the INES Newsletter (no. 37) and was widely distributed; in addition, it appeared in translation in the German press.
The IRAQ War, appeals
The anti-war activities of INES came into acceleration by the threat and the outbreak of the Iraq War. Several papers have been published in the INES Newsletter and on the homepage www.inesglobal.org. An INES Appeal to the international academic community to resist war (Newsletter no. 40) has been issued and an open letter has been written to the French President Jacques Chirac and the German Chancellor
Gerhard Schröder, urging them to continue their resistance against the Iraq War. After the outbreak of the war, a Letter of support to the US peace movement was released as an official INES statement.
In July 2004, the INES Council issued a public appeal Condemnation of the Iraq war and continuing military occupation. The appeal was printed in the INES Newsletter (no. 46) and widely distributed in printed form and on the Internet.
INES Council Meeting 2003 in Paris and 2d European Social Forum
The INES Council meeting 2003 was held in Paris on 10-12 November. Traditionally, part of the meeting was devoted to lectures and discussions on relevant topics. This year, Peace and Sustainability was the subject of the presentations. Bahig Nassar, Coordinator of the Arab Coordination Center of NGOs in Cairo, gave a report with the title Peace and sustainability under the umbrella of US military policies. A paper with the same title was printed in the INES Newsletter of February 2004 (no.44). Maurice Errera spoke about Responsible and active societies which was printed in the Newsletter (no. 42).
The date of the Council meeting was chosen just before the 2d European Social Forum, so that INES members could participate actively and passively in the events of the Forum. As a part of the Forum three seminars were organized by a collaboration of INES, the World Federation of Scientific Workers, the INES member organization Syndicat National de l'Enseigne¬ment Supérieur and the French organizations
Mouvement de la Paix and Espaces Marx. The titles of the seminars were:
1. Scientific research today and tomorrow, what goals for the society and for Europe?
2. Convergent approaches to peace as a global project;
3. Disarmament in Europe and demilitarization of space.
Members of the organizations made short communications in these seminars. INES published a special Newsletter for the Forum (No. 43) with leading articles both in English and in French. A large edition of this Newsletter was distributed at the Forum.
The 3d European Social Forum
The 3d European Social Forum took place in London from 15-17 October 2004. After the successful participation of INES in the 2d Social Forum, INES participated again in collaboration with other NGOs to realize part of the program. INES speakers acted in two seminars and two workshops:
Towards citizens assemblies on research in Europe;
Militarization of the European Union;
Science and citizenship;
Military research, science and engineering.
Subjects under discussion in the workshops were nanotechnology, sustainable societies and scientific research, privatization & citizenship and militarization.
Like in Paris, INES had a stand at the Forum exhibition, where printed material was distributed and contact was made with participants of the Forum. A special issue of the INES Newsletter (no. 47) with contributions of Mikhail Gorbatchev, Joseph Rotblat, David Krieger, Joachim Spangenberg, Valery Petrosyan, Stuart Parkinson, Claudia Neubauer, Claus Montonen and Hugo Estrella was widely distributed.
The European Science Social Forum
As a result of the Forum and the collaboration of NGOs, a new International Network named European Science Social Forum (ESSF) was founded in London. The network in which the new INES Member Organization Fondation Sciences Citoyennes from Paris plays a central role and INES member Claudia Neubauer acts as a coordinator will concentrate on the misuse of science for military and commercial purposes and the necessity for citizens to have more influence on the scientific programs of governmental and commercial institutions. Questions will be raised as how participatory democracy can act in the decision making about scientific programs and how social responsibility of scientists may be promoted. The network started its activity with an appeal that is open for signatures. Further activities will be the formulation of a standpoint concerning the 7th Framework Program (FP 7) of the European Union and the participation in the next European Social Forum in Athens in 2006. The group had a first meeting in Brussels on 10 March 2005.
Social Forums in India and Brazil
From 16-21 January 2004, the World Social Forum was held in Mumbai, India. INES was represented by its members Dr. Balkrihsna Kurvey, President of the Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection in Nagpur, and by Jambu Kumar Jain, Convener of the Rural Development and Youth Training Institute in Kota (Rajasthan). Both institutes are member organizations of INES. The activities consisted of organizing a meeting at the Forum, where for a large audience the inten¬tions and projects of INES were presented and explained. In addition, printed material was distributed. According to the organiz¬ers, the presentations were received with great enthusiasm.
From 28-31 July 2004, the World Education Forum was held in Porto Allegre, Brazil. INES was represented by its Executive Committee member Hugo Estrella from Córdoba, Argentina, who was member of the organizing committee of the Forum and prepared a seminar on Science, Ethics and Peace in Higher Education.
INESPE, the INES Project to Protect and Promote Ethical Engagement
In 2003, the activity of INESPE centered on the fields of depleted uranium, electromagnetic waves, medicine and environment. Effort was made in the organization of conferences and meetings, public presentations and the support of individual whistleblowers. Antje Bultmann acted as a convener for the project group.
The most important event organized by INESPE in 2003 was the international whistleblower conference Between Greed and Conscience at Starnberg near Munich, from 5-7 September 2003. Among the more than 100 participants were scientists, lawyers, journalists and public servants. Several whistleblowers reported about their experience.
Asaf Durakovic, Canada, Christopher Busby, UK and Siegwart Günther, Germany, spoke about the effects of the military application of depleted uranium. Gerald Hyland, UK, spoke about the effects of electromagnetic radiation and Guillermo Eguiazu about risk prevention in agriculture. Harry Templeton (UK), Erich Schöndorf and Werner Borchading (Germany) reported about corruption and whistle¬blowing in the public service.
An important issue was the implementation of legal protection of whistleblowers. A law of this kind already exists in the United Kingdom; an establishment in Germany would strengthen the case to get similar legislation in the whole of the European Union accepted.
As a public response to the conference, more than 20 articles appeared in newspapers in Germany and Switzerland; three radio reports and a television presentation were given about the whistleblower problem.
Several other meetings were held for the German public:
19-21 September, Iserlohn: Whistleblowing in der High-Tech Gesellschaft;
17-19 October 2003: Der öffentliche Anspruch auf Wahrheit - Warum gesetzlicher Schutz für Warner notwendig ist.
Several lectures about whistleblowing were given by the INESPE convener Antje Bultmann.
The general understanding of the necessity of openness about dangers and misconduct in our society and the appreciation of whistleblowing have increased by the public presentations at the conferences and meetings and by the subsequent interest of the media.
INESPE was in contact with other whistleblower organizations. At the Conference of the Conscience Clause movement in Geneva in September 2003, INES was represented by several members. The conference was devoted to whistleblower protection by formal regulations.
INESPE continuously supported the whistleblowers Prof. Guillermo Eguiazu and his assistant Dr. Alberto Motta in Rosario, Argentina. The two are harassed by their own university because of their public action against toxic compounds used in agriculture. They are financially supported by INESPE and morally by the communication of INESPE and INES with the Minister of Education and the President of Argentina, members of state committees and the President of the University. Action is taken to reopen Eguiazu’s institute that was closed by the University as an act of harassment.
An action has been launched to liberate Grigory Pasco who allegedly had committed high treason by revealing the dumping of nuclear waste by the Russian navy. During the action which has been largely financed by the INES Whistleblower Fund, Pasco’s wife made a lecturing tour through Western Europe. The action possibly contributed to the release of Pasco from prison.
The activity of INESPE has been extended to the field of education for students and professional workers, in particular the inclusion of the subjects ethics, sustainability and peace in university curricula. Under the auspices of INESPE, a symposium was held about Teaching Ethics in Copenhagen on 15-16 April 2005 that covered science, engineering and ethics. This symposium which was supported by the Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies of the University of Copenhagen, the Danish UNESCO Commission, the Centre for Ethics and Law in Nature and Society, is a follow-up of the 1999 UNESCO World Conference on Science. The symposium consisted of two parts, one public meeting, aimed at Danish teachers, researchers, politicians and journalists, and an international workshop for scholars and scientists.
During the public meeting presentations were made by Henk ten Have about UNESCO’s activities in the area of ethics education, Valery Petrosyan about ethics in teaching chemistry and chemical safety and Peter Kemp about cosmopolitanism in ethics and law.
During the workshop the following subjects were discussed: The COMEST report The teaching of Ethics, ethics curricula from around the world, the purpose of teaching ethics to science and engineering students, the choice of ethical theories made in teaching, similarities and differences between teaching ethics, science studies and peace & sustainability issues. Organizer of the symposium was the INES EC member Tom Børsen Hansen.
IPRA Conference and INES workshop
INES cooperated with IPRA, the International Peace Research Association, in the organization of the IPRA Peace Conference Peace and conflict in a time of globalization in Sopron, Hungary. During the Conference which took place from 5-9 July 2004, INES arranged a 1½-day workshop as a parallel session.
The following presentations were made to this workshop:
New nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy - Wolfgang Liebert;
Uranium weapons - Armin Tenner;
Energy and peace - Claus Montonen;
Climate change and energy conflicts - Jürgen Scheffran;
Nuclear targeting and the NPT - Alla Yaroshinskaya;
Loose ends in international control of nuclear-weapons-usable materials - Martin Kalinowski;
Chemical disarmament, Jiri Matousek;
Space militarization from a European point of view - Regina Hagen;
Environmental problems in the Danube area - Peter Weish;
Europe under construction - Gordana Jovanovic;
Problems of chemical safety in Europe - Valery Petrosyan.
The workshop was preceded by the annual INES Council Meeting.
The International Einstein Year
In the course of the International Einstein Year 2005, INES planned several activities to commemorate Einstein’s birth and his achievements.
The appeal International Einstein Year 2005 which was conceived by members of INES stresses Einstein’s activism for peace. It was signed by more than 80 prominent scientists from all world and has been published and widely distributed.
Several workshops and meetings have taken place or will take place in the course of 2005. The first is the workshop in Brussels.
The Brussels workshop
INES, together with its member organization Pole Bernheim Peace & Citizenship of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, organized a workshop on
11-12 March 2005 with the title Einstein and peace (education) - lessons for today. The following presentations were made:
Einstein, international cooperation and peace - Verdiana Grossi;
Einstein’s relation to power - speaking the truth about power - Ekkehard Sieker;
Einstein’s pacifism - Nadine Lubelski-Bernard;
Russel-Einstein Manifesto - Gert Harigel;
Linus Pauling, the next generation - Mohamed Larbi Bouguerra;
Einstein for the young generation - Tom Børsen Hansen;
Lessons from Einstein for the peace research, peace education and peace movement today - David Krieger.
Forum discussions were held on the themes Questions to Einstein, a controversial life of a great man, and Lessons from Einstein for today.
During the Brussels meeting, an appeal to the European Union has been conceived with the following text:
SCIENTISTS' APPEAL AGAINST THE INCLUSION OF ARMAMENT PROVISION IN THE PROPOSED EU CONSTITUTION
We support a United Europe in the spirit of the humanitarian traditions of this continent. The European Constitution should reflect these traditions, as well as the principles of democracy, sustainable development and human dignity agreed to by the members of the United Nations in their Charter, as well as in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other seminal documents.
We, therefore, oppose the permanent armament obligation for all EU states in the proposed EU constitution. This is the first instance of such a proposed armament provision for any democratic state community. We call for the removal of the armament obligation from the constitution.
We oppose the formation of a European department for armament, research and military capabilities. We call for the establishment of a European Office for Disarmament and Civil Conflict Prevention.
We further oppose the use of our scientific and technical knowledge for military purposes. We will strengthen our efforts to inform the public and decision makers about the dangers of further armament, the possibilities of peaceful conflict resolution, and the political and societal requirements for the preservation of peace.
Projects in Africa
INES supports the Egyptian project EGYCOM for the development of indigenous industries, specifically the production of wood products from the midribs of the cocos palm. The project is lead by Prof. Hamed El-Mously of the University of Cairo. This industry opens important opportunities both in economic and in social respect. Part of the project consists of training the local population in producing the palm-rib products. With the establishment of an Internet site for the exchange of information on renewable material resources information can be collected about similar developments in other parts of the world in order to stimulate the application of sustainable production methods that are adapted to local conditions. In addition, a new initiative from Egypt with a German university could lead to a joint project for development of natural fiber reinforced composites.
Following the ideas formulated before and during the Johannesburg Summit (see INES Newsletter no. 38), we should establish projects, possibly in co-operation with other NGOs and state authorities (Type 2 collaborations), but certainly in collaboration with local organizations, to deal with local problems and developments. The mentioned project of El-Mously which has the support of Egyptian and Arabic organizations is a typical example of this kind.
With the help of a German institute, a water project is to be realized in Ghana. Under supervision of the university teacher Prof. Marian Ewurama Addy, a girl’s secondary school will be provided with water as a pilot project in African water supply.
With the help of INES, a new project has been established in Zambia, the Promotional Action for Science, Engineering and Social Responsibility (PASES), coordinated by Shalala Oliver Sepiso, National Coordinator of the Rescue Mission Zambia. The Rescue Mission, an INES Member Organization, is a youth-initiated, youth-led and youth-oriented NGO that works in education and empowers youth to participate in affairs of their societies in pursuit of sustainable development through many lawful activities.
Projects in India
Two INES Member Organizations in India, the Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament and Environmental Protection (Director Balkrishna Kurvey) and the Rural Development & Youth Training Institute (Director Jamb Kumar Jain) continued their effort by organizing training courses for education in human rights, peace, sustainable development and health, group meetings in rural areas, education camps for women, seminars and workshops about landmines and small arms, globalization and environmental protection. Generally, numerous people attend their events. Their efforts in the World Social Forum of Mumbai have been mentioned already in this report.
New connections were made in India with the Centre for Science Policy in Dehradun (Director Dhirendra Sharma) and the Indian Science Writer’s Association. The Centre organized an Einstein memorial meeting on 26-27 March 2005 in the Himalayan State of Uttaranchal. An Indian representative (Prof. Shri Ram Verna) attended the above-mentioned INES workshop in Brussels.
South American Peace Research Center
In November 2004, negotiations were started between INES Executive Committee member Hugo Estrella and the Faculty of Philosophy and Humanities of the National University of Córdoba, Argentina, in order to establish a South American Peace Research Center, the first of its kind to the south of Costa Rica. With the support of INES, an agreement was signed with the Dean of the Faculty in February 2005; in March a first version of the final agreement with the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba was signed. The Center is expected to be officially founded later this year. The annual INES Council Meeting will be held at the beginning of November 2005 in Córdoba. The traditional seminar connected to this meeting will be devoted to the field of activity of the new institute and allow South-American speakers to treat the peace problems of their continent.
Biological and Chemical Weapons Project
The project Potential of biological and chemical weapons at use for terrorist purposes was finalized in 2003. In a two-year study, scientists from various countries analyzed the potential of biological agents and chemical methods considering their possible usability for terrorism and examined possible physical and medical countermeasures and eradication strategies. This working group began its work following the experiences of the attacks in the USA in 2001 when it became clear that a grave danger exists that terrorist organizations could make use of biological or chemical weapons. Other events in the last years, such as the terrorist attacks in Tokyo in 1995, further show that the use of chemical and biological agents for terrorist activities is an actuality that cannot be ignored.
The project was a common enterprise of INES and the German NaturwissenschaftlerInnen Initiative and was funded by the Berghof Stiftung für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung. Project manager was Prof. Kathryn Nixdorff, of the IANUS Group, Darmstadt; the project was coordinated by the INES Executive Secretary Nicola Hellmich. The project was carried out in co-operation with experts from Germany and the USA as well as the OPCW, the international bureau for the verification of the chemical weapons convention in The Hague.
The presentation of the project took place on 26 November 2003 for the Parlamentarische Gesellschaft in Berlin. A main objective of the project was to provide parliament members with information that can serve for the preparation of future laws. The final report of the project has been published in the Wissenschaft und Frieden magazine and is available at the INES office.
The Middle Power Initiative
INES is a member of the Middle Power Initiative, an organization for the abolition of nuclear weapons based on diplomacy. The organization holds annual Steering Committee meetings which are attended by INES representatives. A consultation seminar in Atlanta, US, from 26-28 January 2005, was held to prepare for the 2005 NPT Review Conference in April/May 2005. The awkward position of the NPT in the present era was the central theme of this seminar. The last annual meeting of the MPI Steering Committee was held on 30 April 2005 in New York, just before the Review Conference.
A high-level delegation of the Middle Powers Initiative visited several European capitals and NATO in autumn 2003, to lobby the Foreign (and Defense) Ministries for a more outspoken stance on the issue of nuclear disarmament. As a national delegation member, Regina Hagen participated in meetings with German officials during the delegation’s visit to Berlin.
INESAP, International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation
For the INES working group INESAP, the year 2003 once again was dominated by activities related to non-proliferation and disarmament of nuclear weapons; non-proliferation, control, and disarmament of ballistic missiles; as well as efforts to make the case against missile defenses and to prevent weapons in space. In addition, many people active in INESAP have also played a role in their various countries in trying to prevent and later protesting against the Iraq war.
Moving Beyond Missile Defense
INESAP continued the project Moving Beyond Missile Defense in January 2003 with a conference in Berlin/Germany under the title of International Arms Control, Transparency and Verification in a European-Russian Framework of Cooperative Security. The conference brought together scholars and researchers from many European countries, including Russia, but also from the United States and Latin America, to discuss European and Russian perspectives on missile defense and space weapons as well as to draw lessons from different existing control regimes (Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Non-Proliferation Treaty, Ballistic Missile Control Regime, Outer Space Treaty, etc.) that could be useful when devising frameworks for missile, missile defense, and space control regimes.
Involvement in NPT Review Process
As in the past, INESAP has had a focus on the preparations for the next Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, which will be held in New York in 2005.
At the 2003 Prepatory Committee (PrepCom) meeting, which took place in Geneva in April/May 2003, INESAP co-convened a discussion forum on Compliance within a Nuclear Abolition Regime with Hiroshima Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba and UN Institute for Disarmament Research consultant Joseph Goldblat as prominent speakers. The PrepCom appearance of Mayor Akiba was the result of previous INESAP interaction with the Mayors for Peace. In Geneva, Mayor Akiba took the opportunity to formally announce a new global campaign for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons by the year 2020 under the auspices of the Mayors for Peace, which was formally launched in Nagasaki in November 2003 under the name of Vision 2020. An Emergency Campaign to Ban Nuclear Weapons. Meanwhile, the mayors’ campaign has gained considerable support both from the NGO community and from mayors, with 20 large-city mayors announcing participation in the 2004 PrepCom and NGOs in several countries making it the focal point for the work in the next year. Further planning between the Mayors for Peace, INESAP, and a few other Abolition 2000 representatives was possible in Hiroshima in November 2003.
Space Weapons Ban
At the PrepCom 2003, INESAP initiated a loose European Working Group on Missile Defense and Space Weaponization, in order to improve exchange on missile defense and space weapons related information and to jointly work on the promotion of alternatives, namely on nuclear disarmament, missile elimination, and a space weapons ban.
INESAP expertise on the use of space was made use of by German and European parliamentarians who needed information on and an evaluation of space policy, on a global and European as well as national level. INESAP participants contributed to a hearing on the Green Paper: European Space Policy and published several statements on the planned integration of European space policy in the increasingly militarized European Security and Defense Policy of the European Union.
On a daily basis, many INESAP participants continue to represent INESAP and promote INESAP ideas on conferences, in other organizations, at UN meetings, in expert bodies, and on many other occasions. Further examples of such cooperation not mentioned above is with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, the Nagasaki Global Citizens’
Assembly for the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
The INES Newsletter appears four times a year in printed form. Special issues appeared for the European Social Forum in Paris with leading articles in English and in French, and for the European Social Forum in London with a leading article by Michael Gorbatchev. The leading
articles of the other issues were:
INES appeal to the academic community - INES appeal;
Facing the failures of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty regime - David Krieger and Devon Chaffee;
Responsible and active civil societies - Maurice Errera;
Peace and sustainability under the umbrella of US military policies - Bahig Nassar;
The ethics of science - Tom Børsen Hansen;
Condemnation of the Iraq war and continuing military occupation - INES appeal;
Risks of military research in nanotechnology - Alexis Vlandas;
Russell-Einstein-Manifesto and nuclear (dis)armament today - Gert Harigel.
The Newsletter also appears on the INES website www.inesglobal.com. A CD with the complete text of the issues of the last two years can be obtained from the INES Office.
Tobias Damjanov continued distributing his weekly email bulletin What’s New in INES.
An email-message distribution network is operated by Johan Swahn.
INESAP has a network website www.inesap.org and a Moving Beyond Missile Defense website: www.mbmd.org.
ADVICE: What advice would you like to give to the Secretary-General and the General Assembly to promote a culture of peace and nonviolence during the second half of the Decade?
PARTNERSHIPS: What partnerships and networks does your organization participate in, thus strengthening the global movement for a culture of peace?
(In addition to the many partners listed above in the section on Actions)
New INES Member Organizations
Fondation Sciences Citoyennes, Paris.
Pôle Bernheim d’Etudes sur la Paix et la Citoyenneté, Fondation Bernheim,
Université Libre de Bruxelles.
The Danish National Pugwash Group, Copenhagen.
PLANS: What new engagements are planned by your organization to promote a culture of peace and nonviolence in the second half of the Decade (2005-2010)?
Postal address of organization
Fehrbelliner Straße 38
E-mail address of organization
Website address of organization
Highest priority action domain of a culture of peace
Second priority action domain of a culture of peace
Highest priority country of action (or international)
Second priority country of action (or international)
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