The following is excerpted from the talk I gave at the recent symposium on Tourism and Peace (See this month’s CPNN bulletin).
Tourism is an enormous enterprise with enormous resources, and it needs a culture of peace. Tourism is the first industry to suffer when there is violence. And it has a great potential to promote all the eight program areas of culture of peace.
Acknowledging my gratitude to a good friend here today, Lou D’Amore, who has shared with me this idea, I propose that we should develop an Institute to train workers for culture of peace tourism
As a model for this, let us recall the early years of UNESCO after World War II, when UNESCO helped establish three institutes for training literary workers. The institutes, located in Mexico, Iran and Egypt, trained a generation of literacy workers, coming mostly from national ministries of education. The subsequent engagement of these literacy workers led to an great increase in literacy throughout the world. Even if it is not mentioned in most history books, the drive towards universal literacy should be considered one of the great achievements of the modern era.
It is proposed here to learn from that experience to develop an institute to train a new generation of workers for another kind of literacy, the literacy of peace. The UNESCO experience provides a reasonable model for such an institute.
First, it could be self-financing with income from tuition paid by institutions such as ministries of tourism, hotel, tourist agency and airline companies who send their workers to get training, as well as young people seeking a career in this field. The faculty could be recruited from activists and retired officials who believe sufficiently in the challenge of culture of peace tourism that they would work for minimum salaries, and from people on-loan from relevant organizations involved in the tourist trade.
An important lesson was told to me by a veteran of the UNESCO literacy institute in Iran: one should minimize the involvement with buildings and infrastructure by renting space from existing educational institutions rather than building or owning the buildings with its costs of maintenance, cleaning staff, guardians, etc.
Where should such an institution be located? In Africa, of course. Nowhere else is tourism so vital to the economy of a continent. And nowhere else is there so much to offer to tourists and those who host them.
How should we go about establishing such an institute? First, a sponsor is needed. The most appropriate would be the United Nations World Tourism Organization. Then, clients are needed. The most appropriate would be ministries of tourism. And finally, we need faculty. From among the distinguished gathering of experts on tourism for peace gathered here this week in Johannesburg, I’m sure we could find an excellent faculty.
There is another reason that we should locate such an institute in Africa. In the North, especially Europe and North America, the states have become so linked to the culture of war that they would have a conflict of interest to support a culture of peace. In Africa, on the other hand, the independent state is a new development dating only from the post-colonial era, and although it is often corrupt, it is not so linked to the culture of war. Its involvement with culture of peace tourism would point it in a good direction for the future.
To conclude, I hope that together we can develop an institute for culture of peace tourism, and I offer my services to help work on this. I hope others will join in.