This month’s CPNN bulletin carries remarks by indigenous peoples who are guarding their environment against the destruction brought by our modern civilization:
From Brazil: “We indigenous peoples have shown that we will never allow our lands to be recolonized, invaded or destroyed, even if that means sacrificing our own lives.”
From Canada: “We have one Earth, and unless this government is hiding another healthy Earth somewhere, we need to take care of the one we’ve got, and it’s now, it’s now we have to step up.”
From Colombia: “sooner or later indigenous peoples will be recognized as the true guardians of nature.”
And it is in the same spirit that the most radical environmental law in global history, the “Mother Earth” law, was adopted in Bolivia, a country with a majority of the people indigenous and a President who is indigenous.
We should listen to all of them for several reasons.
They remind us that our very existence depends upon having a sustainable development that does not destroy the earth on which all development depends. We need to be reminded of this because our lives have become so specialized that we have come to think that food simply comes from a supermarket and that water simply comes from a faucet. Our civilization puts a priority on exploitation of mineral, oil and water resources without regard to the future, and the imposition of highly-mechanized, monoculture agricultural production which cannot even feed those who produce it.
Indigenous peoples realize that the destruction of their environment will lead not only to their inability to survive as individuals, but even more profoundly, it will lead to the destruction of their culture. We need to take this seriously for our own culture.
Our culture has become urban over the past few centuries, and we depend upon agricultural systems outside of the city. Often the agricultural production is so distant that we must depend upon transportation systems that bring their products from hundreds and thousands of miles away. Meanwhile, small farms, people directly tied to the land, have been run out of business by large-scale, monoculture industrial farming. We take it for granted that all this will continue.
But we should not take this for granted. The culture of war, in which we live, is based upon exploitation and exploitation is not sustainable, neither of resources nor of people. Sooner or later, the culture of war crashes. This can happen through violence, as it did in the two World Wars of the 20th Century. Or it can happen through economic collapse as it did in 1929 and for half of the world in 1989.
A global economic crash at this time of history would be far more disastrous than the crash of 1929 because we are more urban, there is less sustainable agriculture, and the transportation of food is, at the same time, more essential and more vulnerable to a financial collapse, because it is largely dependent upon oil transported in tanker ships.
In the face of this possibility, Johan Galtung, the dean of peace researchers, recommends that we “organize local cooperatives and local food production instead of importation and agro-business, local banks instead of investment banks, local construction of affordable housing to provide jobs as well as housing.” In this way we can protect ourselves against the crash of the American empire and the global economy that it manages. And if Galtung is correct that this may happen within the next five years, we have no time to waste.
During this time there is great danger of war and/or a shift to fascist states. Hence our work for a culture of peace is crucial, and we can also take lessons on this from some indigenous peoples. As the indigenous of Cauca have told us, “We survived by struggle, but we are peoples with a culture of peace.”
Not only do we need to listen to to indigenous peoples, but even more we must follow their example. The very survival of our culture is at stake. And soon.